Animal Care Factsheets
ACP-LAB (DAR) Factsheets
|Cilia-Associated Respiratory (CAR) Bacillus
Cilia-associated respiratory (CAR) bacillus is a recently identified pathogen of rats, mice and rabbits.
|Guidelines for Genetic and Nomenclature of Rodents
Staff who produce rodents in university animal facilities should be familiar with basic concepts of rodent breeding systems, pedigree record keeping, and standard nomenclature.
|Mouse Hepatitis Virus (MHV)
Mouse hepatitis virus (MHV) is probably the most important pathogen of laboratory mice.
|Mouse Parvoviruses (MPV and MMV)
There are two important parvoviruses of mice: minute virus of mice (MVM) and mouse parvovirus type-1 (MPV-1).
|Mouse Rotavirus (Epizootic Diarrhea of Infant Mice or EDIM)
Diarrhea in young laboratory mice is often caused by mouse rotavirus, also called epizootic diarrhea of infant mice.
Oxyuriasis (pinworms) are a persistent problem of well-managed animal colonies. Pinworms that commonly infect laboratory colonies include Syphacia muris, S. obvelata, and Aspiculuris tetraptera.
|Pneumonia Virus of Mice (PVM)
Pneumonia virus of mice is a virus affecting the respiratory tracts of rats and mice. It is an ssRNA virus of the family Paramyxoviridae.
Sendai virus (SV) is one of the most important respiratory pathogens of rats and mice. Hamsters can also be infected, but they do not show symptoms of disease. SV is an ssRNA virus from the family Paramyxoviridae, and multiple strains have been described.
Clostridium piliforme is an obligate intracellular, spore-forming bacterium. In its vegetative form (within the host) it is a gram-negative, motile rod. Infectious spores are shed into the environment, where they can remain at room temperature for at least a year. Spores can be inactivated with heat, sodium hypochlorite, or peracetic acid.
Details on Bovine Cryptosporidiosis: transmission and clinical signs
Factsheet exploring various bovine diseases.
|Bovine E. Coli O157:H7
Details about Bovine E. Coli O157:H7—transmission, clinical signs, and more.
Details on Bovine Salmonellosis—transmission and clinical signs
Factsheet exploring various camelid diseases.
Factsheet exploring various caprine diseases.
Factsheet exploring various equine diseases.
Hantaviruses are a group of viruses carried by wild rodents. SNV and other “new world” hantaviruses can cause a disease in humans called hantavirus pulmonary syndrome.
Factsheet exploring various ovine diseases.
Factsheet exploring various porcine diseases.
Factsheet exploring various poultry diseases.
Rabies is an invariably fatal, acute viral encephalomyelitis (inflammation of the brain and spinal cord) caused by infection with rabies virus, a rhabdovirus of the genus Lyssavirus. Rabies is a disease primarily of animals.
Description of roundworm in raccoons.
Also known as “lockjaw,” tetanus is an acute disease induced by a toxin produced by the tetanus bacteria, Clostridium tetani, which grows without oxygen at the site of an injury.
Toxoplasmosis is a systemic disease caused by Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii), a coccidian protozoan.
|Zoonotic Agents of Concern in Birds, Amphibians, Reptiles, and Fish
Description of zoonotic agents of concern in birds, amphibians, reptiles, and fish.
|Zoonotic Agents of Concern in Dogs, Cats, and Ferrets Bred for Research
Description of zoonotic agents of concern in dogs, cats, and ferrets bred for research.
|Zoonotic Agents of Concern in Livestock
Description of zoonotic agents of concern in livestock.
|Zoonotic Agents of Concern in Rodents and Rabbits Bred for Research
Description of zoonotic agents of concern in rodents and rabbits bred for research.
|Zoonotic Agents of Concern in Wild Animals
Description of zoonotic agents of concern in wild animals.
Safety and Health
What animal allergies are—signs and more.
|Bites, Scratches, and Kicks
By working with animals, you are at risk of being bitten, scratched, kicked, or even crushed.
Faculty, students, and staff can be exposed to chemicals from a wide variety of sources, among them are research chemicals, cleaning and maintenance materials, and more.
|Compressed Gas Cylinder Safety
Compressed gases expose users to both chemical and physical hazards.
|Information for Immunocompromised Individuals and Pregnancy Women
Animal care and use personnel with certain health conditions may be at a significantly high risk of acquiring a zoonoses or an infection if he/she has a compromised immune system or is pregnant.
|Occupational Exposure to Hormones in Animal Facilities
Faculty, students, and staff can be exposed to hormones during the conduct of several routine agricultural practices.
|Occupational Exposure to Noise
Noise is one of the most pervasive problems in today’s occupational environment, causing gradual hearing loss in workers in a wide variety of occupations.
Good personal hygiene is important when working and caring for teaching and research animals.
A guideline to avoid the recapping of needles where possible and techniques to follow if recapping is necessary.
All business units whose employees are required to wear a respirator must follow the UIUC Respiratory Protection Policy and implement their own respiratory protection program
Materials that qualify as “sharps” are defined at the state level and shall be disposed of as potentially infectious medical waste (PIMW).
|Use of Tricaine Methane Sulfonate (MS-222)
Tricaine Methane Sulfonate (MS-222) is commonly used as an anesthetic and euthanasia agent for fish and other aquatic species.
Venomous reptiles are those snakes and lizards that can introduce venom into your bloodstream through a bite.
Wildlife studies provide unique challenges with regard to occupational health and safety issues.
|Wildlife Studies Risk Assessment Form
Risk assessment form concerning the activities in which researchers will be participating.
|Working in Cold Temperatures
Workers who are exposed to extreme cold or work in cold environments may be at risk of cold stress.
|Working in Hot Temperatures
Workers who are exposed to extreme heat or work in hot environments may be at risk of heat stress.